Gynecomastia is a condition where the gland tissue of the male breasts become enlarged. The condition is most common during the infancy, puberty, middle ages, and in older men. Gynecomastia differs from lipomastia or pseudogynecomastia – which is a condition where fat deposits are present in the breast area of obese men. Gynecomastia is present only in a very small percentage of men. Drmazaheri suggests some important facts about gynecomastia.
Enlargement of male breasts is the primary symptom of this condition. It is the enlargement of glandular tissue rather than the fatty tissue. The condition is symmetrical in a location with the nipples of the breasts and will have a firm feel when touched. It can affect one side or both sides while being greater on one side. You may feel a tenderness or sensitivity in the area. But severe pain isn’t present under normal conditions. The condition mostly affects males in their puberty period. Infants and aging males are also at a higher risk for this condition. When a person ages, the testosterone levels may decrease in most males. This can also contribute to gynecomastia.
The main cause of the condition is an imbalance in hormone levels. In fact, the female hormone or estrogen is increased in comparison to the male hormones or androgens in such people. The condition that affects infants and pubertal boys can resolve on its own most of the time. This is known as physiologic gynecomastia. An individual will possess both types of hormones such as estrogens and androgens – whether they are male or female. During the puberty period, these hormones can fluctuate and rise at different levels. There are certain medications that can cause gynecomastia as a side effect of the drug. Here are some medications that can cause the condition as a side effect:
. Spironolactone (Aldactone) – This is a diuretic with anti-androgenic activity.
. ACE inhibitor drugs for hypertension – For example, Enalapril (Vasotec) and Captopril (Capoten).
. Anti-ulcer drugs
. Calcium channel blockers that are used to treat hypertension.
. Lavender oil and tea tree oil – When they are used in skin care products.
There are many treatments to cure gynecomastia. In fact, no drug has been still approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this condition. Testosterone replacement therapy has been the most effective against this condition.
The above read offers information on what is gynecomastia.